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No set rule governs how fast or how slow to introduce letter-sound relationships. One obvious and important factor to consider in determining the rate of introduction is the performance of the group of students with whom the instruction is to be used. Furthermore, there is no agreed upon order in which to introduce the letter-sound relationships.

It is generally agreed, however, that the earliest relationships introduced should be those that enable children to begin reading words as soon as possible. That is, the relationships chosen should have high utility. For example, the spellings m, a, t, s, p, and h are high utility, but the spellings x as in box, gh, as in through, ey as in they, and a as in want are of lower utility. It is also a good idea to begin instruction in sound-letter relationships by choosing consonants such as f, m, n, r, and s, whose sounds can be pronounced in isolation with the least distortion.

Stop sounds at the beginning or middle of words are harder for children to blend than are continuous sounds. Instruction might start by introducing two or more single consonants and one or two short vowel sounds. It can then add more single consonants and more short vowel sounds, with perhaps one long vowel sound. It might next add consonant blends, followed by digraphs for example, th, sh, ch , which permits children to read common words such as this, she, and chair.

Introducing single consonants and consonant blends or clusters should be introduced in separate lessons to avoid confusion.

The point is that the order of introduction should be logical and consistent with the rate at which children can learn. Furthermore, the sound-letter relationships chosen for early introduction should permit children to work with words as soon as possible. Many teachers use a combination of instructional methods rather than just one.

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Research suggests that explicit, teacher-directed instruction is more effective in teaching the alphabetic principle than is less-explicit and less-direct instruction. Is there a certain number of letter sounds children exiting Prek should know? Our school district says all That seems extreme. What is best practice?

My daughter is exiting kindergarten and by the end of pre-k they just needed to know the alphabet and numbers Sounds the learned in Kindergarten but they did want them to know them all pretty early so it wouldn't hurt to practice over the summer. There's actually some great videos and songs that you can let your child watch on youtube "The farmer and the dell". Anyway good luck! Now I have that song stuck in my head lol! Alphabetic principle is the idea that letters and letter patterns represent the sounds of spoken language.

This article is interesting in it's approach to teaching the alphabetic principle. The advice to teach letters f, m, n, r, s because they have the least distortion in sound is a practice that I will take to heart.

Letter B Activities & Fun Ideas for Kids

Ensuring that sounds are taught in a predictable, systematic manner so that students clearly understand the partnership between written letters and spoken sound is a critical component to facilitating student learning. I agree that many middle and high school students hold tenaciously to the "I don't read belief!


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This early grasp of letter sound relationships and phonics is so critical that once behind many children fall into the dogma of why try I can't do it anyway. However, with patience and perserverence these struggling readers can learn what they missed, and then become impressive readers. Low income working families with one or even two parents who farm out their children at an early age, children from ESOL families, or even children where academics are not essential have the most obstacles.

They have the IQ but lack the puzzle pieces and are forever scrabbling around on the floor, not even realizing what they are missing. I have seen this happen in many children. I work with them because their parents are not able to help the student. Author Interviews Meet your favorite authors and illustrators in our video interviews. Book Finder Create your own booklists from our library of 5, books! Themed Booklists Dozens of carefully selected booklists, for kids years old.

Nonfiction for Kids Tips on finding great books, reading nonfiction and more. Skip to main content. You are here Home. The Alphabetic Principle. By: Texas Education Agency. What is the "alphabetic principle"? The alphabetic principle plan of instruction Teach letter-sound relationships explicitly and in isolation.

Provide opportunities for children to practice letter-sound relationships in daily lessons. Provide practice opportunities that include new sound-letter relationships, as well as cumulatively reviewing previously taught relationships. Give children opportunities early and often to apply their expanding knowledge of sound-letter relationships to the reading of phonetically spelled words that are familiar in meaning.

Rate and sequence of instruction No set rule governs how fast or how slow to introduce letter-sound relationships. Guidelines for rate and sequence of instruction Recognize that children learn sound-letter relationships at different rates. Introduce sound-letter relationships at a reasonable pace, in a range from two to four letter-sound relationships a week. Teach high-utility letter-sound relationships early.

Introduce consonants and vowels in a sequence that permits the children to read words quickly. Avoid the simultaneous introduction of auditorily or visually similar sounds and letters. Provide blending instruction with words that contain the letter-sound relationships that children have learned. Texas Education Agency ABC letter mats can be a versatile tool to use in early childhood learning.

They can be laminated and used over and over again for letter formation and writing activities. They can also be used to create alphabet books, posters and more. Letter crafts and process art activities related to a letter you are learning can be a fun way for kids to make connections between a letter and something that starts with that beginning sound.

Alphabet Books Part Two

I know this post was long , but I hope you find it useful. Thanks for reading along! Happy letter learning! Pinterest Board. Thanks for the great list, Shauna! Can I add that we have a rhyme for each alphabet letter that also is a fun, simple, and unique method for helping kids remember each letter. Yes, please, Linda! That is a great addition and makes it very memorable for kids. We had a whole alphabet chant in my K classroom that the kids loved.

This is a great round up! Thanks for sharing! I have tons of ideas for my preschool class now! This is a super amazing collection of ABC activities.

Here Wee Read - 7 Artful Alphabet Books for Design Lovers - Here Wee Read

Thanks for collecting and posting them all! Pinning this for sure! One of my last posts was about creating a Photo Alphabet book for your child from your family photos! Thanks, Rebecca!


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  7. I hope your little one enjoys these activities. Thanks for sharing your ABC book post. What a great collection of ideas! I am sharing this with our K teachers and will be using them with my own children. Thanks for sharing!!!! As a former kindergarten teacher one of my goals for this site is to help provided teachers and parents with great resources. I love that you found this post helpful, and I really appreciate you using the ideas and sharing with others! Thanks so much for including Growing a Jeweled Rose in this amazing resource. Thank you for featuring this post.

    I was very happy to include Growing a Jeweled Rose.. This is a brilliant round up of ideas! Thanks for linking up with Tuesday Tots.